Category : News

Kumon Philippines celebrates 25 Years of Nurturing the Love for Learning


Kumon was born out of a father’s love for his son. In fact, what started as a loving father’s idea of creating learning materials to help his son develop strong calculation skills has turned into a learning method that has helped pursue the potential of students around the world, especially in the Philippines.



In 1954, Mr. Toru Kumon developed the Kumon Program so that his son, Takeshi, could develop the needed skills and abilities to study mathematics with ease. From studying his son’s school materials, he found out that these materials progressed too quickly from one topic to the next. He decided to design his own materials to help his son develop strong calculation skills.

The success of the program was more than what he expected since Takeshi was able to solve problems in differential and integral calculus by sixth grade.


The first-ever Kumon Center was Mr. Toru Kumon’s home.


Considering Takeshi’s evident development and firm in his belief that what was possible for one child is possible for others, Mr. Toru Kumon set out to offer his learning method to as many children as possible – this has become known as the kindness movement. It was a mission he set out to pursue. This also started the growth of the Kumon Method in Japan as the Kumon Institute of Education was established in Osaka, Japan in 1958 with 300 students in 13 Centers.

Kumon reached the Philippines in 1982 as the need for a supplemental learning program that develops students’ academic skills and character increased. The first Kumon Center was opened and handled by a Japanese instructor. As the number of Centers started to increase, Kumon Philippines was formally established on August 15, 1996. Since then, the method has been growing in the country with three branch offices in Makati City, Quezon City, and Cebu City that supports more than 300 Centers and 45,000 students nationwide.

As the company celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2021, Kumon Philippines is happy to share one of its first surprises for the year: The Online New Student Promo Triple Treat.



Enroll your child from January 21 to February 28, 2021 to avail of FREE registration fee worth P500 and a FREE Kumon Bag. If you start your Kumon study from January 21 to 27, 2021, you get up to one week FREE Kumon study. Take note that the additional free Kumon study will depend on your child’s first Center day. Contact the Kumon Center nearest you for more details:

Follow its official Facebook Page to be updated on upcoming 25th anniversary surprises.

Is Remote Learning Getting to You? Help Your Children Develop Self-Learning!


With most parents having to facilitate their children’s remote learning at home, it can get tedious and sometimes even ineffective—after all, everyone is still adjusting. But one way to make this beneficial for your children is to hone the skill of self-learning. So if you haven’t already started, here are five strategies you can try at home:

Identify learning goals

Is Remote Learning Getting to You? Help Your Children Develop Self-Learning!

Before your children jump to a new lesson, help them identify their learning goals from the beginning. With these things in mind, your children will know what they need to understand and pick up from their lessons.

Don’t forget to encourage them to reach these goals as they go about their lessons. Once they tick off one thing from the list, congratulate them so that they feel they accomplished something—and know that they are on the right track.

Go through an example with them

Is Remote Learning Getting to You? Help Your Children Develop Self-Learning!

Children, no matter how intelligent and self-learned, will need to learn through examples first. When your children come across a particular problem, walk through it with them so they can see and understand how to tackle it. Be patient until they can keep the steps in mind and do it on their own; be their training wheels.

Use real-life situations

Is Remote Learning Getting to You? Help Your Children Develop Self-Learning!

When you see that your children are getting the hang of a lesson, whether that’s addition or fractions, try to incorporate these into real situations you experience daily. At the end of the day, you can ask them how many minutes they spend before bed if they schedule 20 minutes of TV time and 5 minutes for getting ready for bed? Or, before cutting through a cake, ask how many pieces they would need to cut in order to feed the entire family for two days.

Encourage questions

Is Remote Learning Getting to You? Help Your Children Develop Self-Learning!

It should come as no surprise that your children are likely to ask questions beyond the coverage of their books and their teacher’s lesson plans. In these instances, do not brush them off, as doing so will discourage their inquisitive nature. Asking questions—no matter the subject and whom it is directed at—is proof that your children are aware that their lessons cover more than exams and activity sheets.

Provide them with the necessary tools

All these things said, as a parent, you need to provide your children with all the tools they’ll need to practice self-learning. This means having papers, pencils, and access to required study lessons ready and at hand. It also means providing more challenging problems once your children master what is required of them. Their learning, because of the additional material, never stops.

The limits of education will cease to exist once you encourage your children to self-learn. So, maximize remote learning and other learning opportunities to support their continuous learning journey.


Kumon is celebrating its 25th anniversary as a supplemental learning program that develops the academic skills and character of students of all ages. You can celebrate with them by availing of The Online New Student Promo Triple Treat! Enroll your child from January 21 to February 28, 2021, to avail of Free registration fee worth Php500 and a Free Kumon Bag. Also, if you start your child’s Kumon study from January 21 to 27, 2021, you can get up to one week of Free Kumon study. Take note that the additional free Kumon study will depend on your child’s first Center day. Contact the nearest Kumon Center near you for more details: https://ph.kumonglobal/find-us/.

4 Ways To Guide Your Children Toward Self-Learning

After almost a year of enforced quarantine restrictions, we are still unsure when it will be safe for children to go back to the traditional school setup. Fortunately, public and private institutions have helped make remote learning a possibility.Yet, while the new normal has made everyone more agile and flexible, there are still learning curves to overcome — with one being self-learning.Self-learning is when children grasp and understand concepts, put their lessons into practice to solve a problem, and retain information — all on their own. It is a skill they can use in school and in other activities.Here are a few key practices parents can do to help children develop and practice this skill on a daily basis.

Be present but don’t hover

Everyone needs a place to begin, and this is where you can be hands-on with your children. As they start on a new lesson or chapter in their book, don’t hesitate to be there with them through the first exercises to ensure they’re following the steps and can handle it on their own.

But when you see your kids getting the hang of it, let them proceed on their own. Avoid hovering or being a “helicopter parent.” Instead, encourage them to get their feet wet in the lessons.

Have open conversations about learning

Children are naturally inquisitive, so it’s important not to deter their innate curiosity and excitement. When they pick up a new lesson, let them talk about it openly without dismissing it because you’ve known the topic for years. Express your happiness and try to match their enthusiasm.

At the same time, let your kids come to you when they need help. If they’re having difficulty with a particular task, ask questions about the learning process as well as the material itself. Ask your children about what makes it hard and what they think they need in order to really understand the lesson. Sometimes, it’s as simple as reviewing earlier lessons or introducing a new way to approach things.

Ignite kids’ competitive side

If your children are the kind of students who are a little more competitive and react well to incentives, use this to their learning advantage.

Much like how schools do it, try to put a timer when they have a task to accomplish and provide them with a little reward when they’re successful. This will motivate them to focus and work on what’s required instead of getting distracted.

Establish a learning area

One particular difficulty that students are still continuing to overcome is distinguishing the difference between home life and study life. While the house and the school used to draw this line very distinctly, quarantine protocols make it difficult to be so literal.

Instead, have a designated area for study time. If space is an issue, have easy-to-move-around items that make this division possible — such as desks facing away from each other and from the television.

Given the uncertainty of returning to the traditional school setting, it is time to start providing children with a way to learn and develop skills that will help them in the long run. After all, the ability to self-learn will always come in handy in school and in their future endeavors.

Learning never stops — even in Kumon. As a supplementary learning program, Kumon has helped generations of students develop academic skills and character.

In celebration of its 25th anniversary, Kumon is offering the Online New Student Promo Triple Treat, which includes a free registration fee worth PHP500 and a free Kumon bag, when you register from January 21 to February 28, 2021. In addition, if your children start Kumon study from January 21 to 27, 2021, you can get up to one week of free Kumon study. Take note that the additional free Kumon study will depend on your children’s first Center day.

Contact the nearest Kumon Center near you for more details:

Quality and Meaningful Learning Opportunities that Count


Education has always been a priority for Mr. Doroteo Carmelo “Dot” and Mrs. Ma. Johanna “Jhoi” Lujan. They believe in providing their daughter, Breizel Serenity “Brei”, with quality and meaningful learning activities that will further develop their daughter’s skills and lead her to better opportunities. This is why enrolling Brei in the Kumon Program was the best choice for them. “My sister introduced Kumon to my wife and me since her son was enrolled in a Kumon Center in Makati City. She gave us good feedback about the benefits of Kumon, which is why we decided to give it a try as well,” shared Daddy Dot.

With the Center located just a few blocks away from their residence, attending Kumon classes became an easy and essential part of Brei’s weekly routine. Kumon became a significant influence in Brei’s academic and character development – specifically developing her to become an independent and hardworking student with an affinity for music and books.

Kumon Beginnings and Challenges

Brei was about three years old when she did her Kumon Reading Program worksheets. She found it enjoyable since the worksheets were easy, and she already knew how to read at that time. For her, it was like playing and reviewing her lessons in kindergarten.

She experiences a lot of difficulties in both the Kumon Math and Reading Program worksheets, especially when she is answering problems in the higher levels. There are times that she can’t understand what is said or asked, so she asks for help from her dad.

”Sometimes, my dad may not know or understand, as well. He would tell me just to read and study it all over again to get the idea of what I am reading so that I would be able to review what is being asked.” This practice has helped Brei complete the Kumon Reading Program worksheets and go through the challenging Kumon Math Program worksheets.

Changes and Achievements

Brei was enrolled at the young age of three. At that time, Mr. and Mrs. Lujan didn’t know her interests and tendencies in studying since she was only a toddler. Through Kumon, they were able to develop in Brei a good study attitude and proper study habits. She also began to read a lot since she enrolled first in the Kumon Reading Program.

“We decided to go for the Kumon Reading Program first because we wanted Brei to be able to understand questions better, gain a better comprehension of things, and become an analytical reader. She also came to be independent and developed techniques on how to solve and answer questions.”

The Kumon Program continues to help Brei become an excellent student and a willing learner. The summer before grade one, Mr. and Mrs. Lujan decided to enroll her in the Kumon Math Program as well, and this decision has led to Brei gaining more achievements. In school, she was the top one of her kindergarten class and is a consistent honor student now in grade school.

“There is no pressure on her in her math and English subjects – she gets high grades and is either the top one or top two student in her class. Also, she was recently the top 3 in the Math Trainers’ Guild (MTG) exam, despite it being her first time to join.”

For her extra-curricular activity, Mr. and Mrs. Lujan encouraged Brei to learn a musical instrument because they want her to have a talent to grow and learn from today until her later years. They chose the piano because this instrument allows Brei to develop her sense of hearing (since the piano has a perfect pitch) and increase her brain’s capacity to keep and recall information (since her mind continues to be active as she practices and memorizes notes). Aside from that, Brei also develops confidence and critical thinking.

Support and Advice

Mr. Lujan is the one who personally attends to and reviews Brei on her studies, while Mrs. Lujan is the one who reminds them of what needs to be done and reviewed. This is how they show Brei that they support her 100%. Sometimes, she gets pressured because of the challenging topics and because the Kumon Program is not only a pastime for her. She knows of the importance of the Kumon Program because Mr. and Mrs. Lujan always remind her that she can benefit a lot from it.

“We then encourage her by always showing our support for her in Kumon, and we emphasize that we will always support her in the same way – be it in school or her extra-curricular activities.”

For Mr. and Mrs. Lujan, being patient and being understanding are also two very important things to remember when supporting Brei in her Kumon study.

“Sometimes, Kumon can get frustrating and confusing on our part. Sometimes, it can feel like a burden. But we always try to remember that the cost and the time that we spend will all be worth it because it is all for the future of our child. We believe that Kumon is a guarantee for our child’s good and bright future.”

Even though it differs for each child, since one child can progress fast and another child can take some time, Mr. and Mrs. Lujan always support Brei until she reaches the goal. They make it a point to always be proud of her achievements and be surprised with what she will be able to do.

“Just always support them all the way – be it financially, morally, emotionally, and with all your love – selflessly.”

Mr. and Mrs. Lujan believe that Brei will be future-proof since she has already undergone the challenging stages in the Kumon Math and Reading Programs. Through Kumon, she has learned how to comprehend, analyze, and answer statements and questions better. Brei has also learned to be patient and to persevere with whatever task is before her. She knows how to deal with certain situations since she will need to recall what she has learned and apply it to whatever situation. They believe that all these things are essential for Brei to succeed and be what she wants to be in the future.


Fostering Discipline and Perseverance – The Kumon Way


It was pure interest and a curious mind that stirred the eagerness of three-year-old James Ronald Ferrer to attend regular school like the other kids. He had the tendency to ask questions about what school was like to his mom, thus pushing Mr. Ronaldo and Mrs. Teresa Ferrer to enroll James in the Kumon Program to entertain his curiosity towards learning.

His Kumon Instructor even identified James as the type of student who would punctually come to the Center just to finish his worksheets, even after a long day of exams in school. Since then, he continues to express signs of determination and motivation to stay in the program until completion.

Character Development

Mr. and Mrs. Ferrer saw many positive changes in James’ habits and character. They found the Kumon Method as a good foundation in building a disciplined way of learning as it made a great impact on his time management skills.

“He knows when to do his homework even when there is no school. He is independent and responsible enough, which is why he still has time to play and enjoy with his friends.”

They also noticed that James developed self-confidence, especially in socializing with others. In fact, he makes time for his extra-curricular activities where he can meet new friends and be in different schools and places.

Academic Excellence

Besides being more disciplined, focused, and organized, James developed his own techniques to learn faster through his inquisitiveness. This ability to learn and understand has led him to his consistent participation in international competitions such as the International Competitions and Assessment for Schools (ICAS), International Mathematics Assessments for Schools (IMAS), Australian Math Competitions (AMC), Math Trainers Guild (MTG), Association of Math and Science League International (AMSLI), and Singapore and Asian Schools Math Olympiad (SASMO).

“Since I am an advanced student in the Kumon Math Program, my classmates noticed my skills, and they would often ask me to help them understand our lessons in school.”

Preparation for the Future

When he was young, Mr. and Mrs. Ferrer still assisted and checked James’ worksheets. They would even sit with him and do the worksheets together since he liked being challenged. As he advanced to the higher levels, they tried to motivate him by promising rewards such as taking him to GameZoo and Toy Kingdom during the weekend. But as James got older, they slowly removed these kinds of rewards so he can see the results of his own actions and take responsibility for it.

“We also give him the privilege to prove himself. James is now independent enough to do his projects, and we know that this skill will help him as he enters high school and college, and as he pursues his dream of becoming a pilot.”

What advice can Mr. and Mrs. Ferrer share to their fellow Kumon parents?

“DO NOT QUIT, DO NOT GIVE UP. Just continue what you have started. As parents and decision-makers, we should always motivate, equip, empower, and encourage our children, especially when facing difficulties in their Kumon study. As the Bible says in Galatians 6:9, “Let us not become weary in doing good. For at the proper time, we will reap harvest if we do not give up.”




5 Tips on How to Study Smarter


Have you ever felt like 24 hours a day is not enough for you as a student? With all the homework to finish, projects to work on, and tests to study for, there might be so much on your plate. Not to mention the other activities and commitments you have to attend to. Wouldn’t it be nice if you have all the time in the world to do all of your activities at your own pace?

However, our time is fixed. We can live a balanced life by knowing how to manage ourselves and maximize the time we have in a day. The first step is to change your study habits by studying smarter!

Here are a few tips on how you can study the smart way:

1. Know the best study environment for you.

Find the best place to study at home where you can focus on your studies. Avoid studying in bed or reading while lying down as you may have the tendency to fall asleep. Reduce background noise or play soft music to keep your mind relaxed while studying. Finding the best time to study also affects your study environment as this tells you that you are prepared to enter your “study mode.”

2. Take control of your schedule.

Controlling your study schedule will help you accomplish your goals for the day. For instance, you can track which assignments should go first or which lessons should be prioritized. It is important that you plan your schedule and determine the number of hours you need to finish a task. Of course, you’ll have to try your best and stick to the schedule you have planned out for yourself to accomplish more in a day!

3. Use your free time to your advantage.

There are times when you will be receiving lighter schoolwork than usual. You must be extra careful with your ‘easy’ days or weeks and use them to your advantage by getting ahead with lessons, projects, and papers. You can also use your lean days to spread out the work for your big project, especially when the due date is not yet nearing.

4. Organize your notes and maximize available resources.

Anyone can take down notes, but organizing them in a way that you can better understand it is another. Try making diagrams or listing key points to help you remember certain topics. You can also try summarizing your notes to increase your learning efficiency. Maximize your resources at home, such as your internet connection and electronic devices, to research for extra information related to your lessons.

5. Take breaks after each study session.

Ultimately, you cannot entirely do any of the mentioned tips above without getting enough rest and sleep. Sleep is essential to us, which is why it is also a must for every student to take short breaks after each study session. This habit of taking breaks will allow you to refresh your mind and keep you motivated to focus on your next study session.


Kumon Philippines adapts to children’s safety and education needs amidst pandemic


“We must adapt, and Kumon is adapting to meet your needs – parents, students, and franchisees,” said Mr. PJ De Guzman, Assistant General Manager for Business Development of Kumon Philippines, during the 9th Philippine Franchise Association e-Kapihan.

Source: Philippine Franchise Association

According to Mr. De Guzman, even with the changes brought about by the pandemic, parents continue to give importance to two things: their children’s safety and their children’s education. An education provider that can deliver good results without a classroom set-up and address the need for safety will be in high demand. Yes, Kumon can fulfill both needs.

Source: Philippine Franchise Association

Mr. De Guzman shared that in terms of safety, the Kumon Centers nationwide have moved from a “twice-a-week in the Center face-to-face set-up” to online instruction and consultation through the My Kumon app and Homework Exchange program. As for the education aspect, the Kumon Method of Learning has always focused on self-learning and independent daily study – with the Kumon worksheets designed for self-learning and with the Kumon students being trained to study independently daily.

Source: Philippine Franchise Association

 It was emphasized by Mr. De Guzman that Kumon is a brand that continues to adapt and develop other ways for children to study in the new normal. “We believe that if we have created a trustworthy brand, then, even in these difficult times, parents will continue to turn to us to help develop their children. And if we can foster a genuine relationship with these parents and show them how their children are growing, they will stay with us for the long term through thick and thin.”

Source: Philippine Franchise Association

The webinar was held last July 23, 2020, via ZOOM. This webinar was the final episode in the first season of the e-Kapihan series by the Philippine Franchise Association. The session focused on “Redesigning the Shopping and Service Experience” with speakers and panelists from Ayala Malls, David’s Salon, Kumon Philippines, and YSA Skin and Body Experts.

Source: Philippine Franchise Association

 With more than 300 Centers nationwide and with the goal of providing the method to more children, Kumon Philippines aims to open more Centers. For more information about the franchise opportunity, send an email to or contact 0917-629-9760.


For more details, visit our website at

4 Ways to Encourage Learning at Home


Being at home with your child gives you many opportunities to bond and discuss matters with him/her. It is also equally important to guide your child as he/she grows up, which means that you would have to take in the responsibility of understanding your child, and making yourself understood as a parent.

To be understood by your child, you first need to communicate with him/her effectively. If you can find the most effective way to communicate with your child, then guiding him/her towards the right path won’t be too difficult.

Guiding your child in his/her study is the same as reinforcing his/her learning at home. Here are four ways you can consider in guiding your child’s learning at home:

Listen to your child’s needs.

Be attentive to your child’s needs and give undivided attention. Show him/her that you are listening by nodding and smiling at specific points, or by affirming through your responses. Whenever your child honestly tells you the things he/she needs, do not interrupt. Instead, allow your child to explain while genuinely listening to him/her.


Acknowledge your child’s feelings.

Whenever your child shares his/her feelings on some matters, this is a good indicator that your child is openly expressive. Always consider his/her side before you share any reaction or advice. If your child experiences challenges in understanding lessons, the best way to respond is to acknowledge that his/her feelings are valid. Then, you can start working on the problem together.



Offer help whenever you can.

As parents, you would always want to offer a helping hand to your child – no matter what the situation is. Keep in mind that it is also essential that your child develops a sense of ownership for his/her actions. You can offer assistance by planning together on specific steps he/she can take to reach a solution. This act shows your child that you are in it together and that his/her ideas matter.



Reinforce positive praise.

Praise and acknowledge your child once he/she has achieved a goal. Consequently, reassure him/her that there is nothing wrong with making mistakes and that all efforts are always acknowledged. Being a parent with a heart of appreciation will encourage your child to emulate that same attitude as he/she grows up.



Conquer Math Through Kumon!


To enable children to self-study especially at home.

When our founder, Toru Kumon, created the worksheets, his goal was for children to study high school mathematics with ease, even in grade school. Thus, he included only those topics that were essential to achieve that objective.


This is why the Kumon Math Program doesn’t cover all the math topics your child is studying in school. Comparing Kumon with your child’s school textbooks, Kumon materials are lean and straight to the point; they don’t encompass a wide-ranging curriculum. This makes the Kumon worksheets flexible – your child can study the worksheets at home as the program does not require multiple activities aside from the worksheets alone.

But you’re probably wondering: if Kumon’s goal is for my child to self-study higher math with ease, why aren’t there too many word problems?

Only a few sheets contain word problems. Looking closely at the contents of the Kumon worksheets, most of these are leaning towards calculation problems. If your child struggles a lot in solving word problems, shouldn’t Kumon address this concern to ensure smoother progress in higher math?

To answer this question, let’s first solve this problem: 48% of the students are girls, and 260 students are boys. How many students are there in total?

Now imagine your child solving that question. Even if he/she can understand the logic to the problem, if your child doesn’t know how to solve for x in the equation (x) = 260, then neither will he/she be able to answer the question! If your child freezes at the sight of fractions or division, or if your child cringes at the mere thought of solving something, he/she won’t even try to answer the question above.

The number one reason your child may hate math so much is his/her weak calculation skills. However, if you boost his/her abilities and confidence when it comes to this area, your child will not struggle with math! Also, supporting your child as he/she does Kumon worksheets at home will help you understand why the Kumon Method of Learning is designed this way.

According to our founder, “Calculation is the breakthrough to math. If you master calculations…it will be a breakthrough to high school math where algebra is predominant. If primary students become good at fractions, equations…they will love math in high school.”

Tokuhiro Kimata, the author of The Value of the Kumon Method, understands why problems other than calculations appear in school curriculums. However, he firmly believes that it will be much more beneficial if your child has good command over calculation, which will be needed to solve more complex problems in higher math. The best part is, your child can quickly develop his/her calculation skills even by just doing his/her Kumon worksheets at home.

Thus, do not fret if the Kumon Math Program doesn’t mirror your child’s school curriculum or doesn’t feature too many word problems. Through continuous Kumon study, your child will be able to conquer his/her math subject—and gain the other benefits of Kumon, such as confidence, discipline, and a love for learning.

Reference: The Value of The Kumon Method by Tokuhiro Kimata

Providing Children with the Appropriate Books


Reading has a lot of benefits for children. It increases their knowledge with the various events in society, boosts their reading ability and vocabulary, and allows them to experience the imagination’s wonder. Experts recommend that children start reading at an early age and that a wide range of books from various categories is made available. It is also advisable for parents to begin building their children’s mini library at home to get their children used to reading a wide variety of books.

One of the aims of the Kumon Reading Program is to encourage children to develop the habit of reading a variety of books so that they can continue learning throughout their lives. According to the late Kumon chairman, Mr. Toru Kumon, “if children are given books appropriate to their abilities, they will show an interest and start to read them.” With this, parents must provide their children with the needed guidance for them to come across a variety of authors, stories, and views. However, deciding which books are appropriate is a difficult and lengthy task considering the time and effort it takes.

Here are some tips on how you can develop criteria to assess just how appropriate certain books are:

  • Age

Consider the age of your child and the books that certain age groups usually chose. For example, babies and toddlers love board books and picture books, beginner readers like short stories with pictures, while grade school children generally choose short chapter books. Once you find the age-appropriate book for your child, you can sit with him/her and read the book aloud, especially if your child hasn’t developed his/her reading ability yet.

  • Ability

Be familiar with your child’s reading ability so that you will be able to check if the words used in the stories are appropriate for your child’s reading ability, and if the scenarios presented can be easily understood by your child. It is better to build your child’s reading ability by starting with easy or just-right books since starting with difficult books might put them off reading for good.

  • Interests

Ask your child what stories he/she prefers and consider books that capture his/her interests and educate him/her at the same time. Some prefer funny stories, while others love factual books. Some like interactive books that invite interaction like repeating rhymes and words, while some love books filled with illustrations.

  • Recommendations

Talk to other parents and teachers about books that they could recommend. Also, the Kumon Program has a Recommended Reading List, which you can acquire from your Kumon Instructor. This list consists of 377 titles from 298 authors. The books mentioned in the list are various award-winning literature and popular books that cover a wide range of topics from adventure, fantasy, science fiction, nature, and biographies.

Above all these, one thing must always be remembered: choose books you think your child will enjoy! Children who enjoy books are far more likely to keep reading and exploring various authors and genres. Please share with your child a simple rule regarding reading time at home: reading is fun!

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